Tuesday, 13 May 2014


Key to Reading on page 71

d. 1. B   2. D   3. B   4. C   5. A   6. A   7. D   8. C

Key to Reading on page 73

a. The test involves going to bed holding a spoon in your hand. When you fall asleep the spoon falls onto a plate and wakes you up. If you are already sleeping so deeply that the spoon doesn't wake you up, then you are 'sleep deprived'.
The last sentence means that we need to give as much importance to sleeping enough as we do to taking exercise (because both are vital for good health)

b. A 1, 4, 6, 7, 9, 12      B 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 11

e. 1. Before the invention of the light bulb people slept during the hours of darkness
    2. Because doctors who are on 'night call' are more sleep deprived than doctors working during the day
    3. Yes. They are very effective in restoring our energy levels and making us feel happier, etc.
    4. 6.2 hours a night (during the week). Yes
    5. Because they often take important decisions when they are too tired
    6. The hours of sleep that we owe our body (i.e. the extra hours we need to sleep to feel at our best)
    7. Caffeine
    8. Driving when you are tired isn't against the law (but is just as dangerous)
    9. They sleep less because they have more reasons not to sleep (work, the Internet, TV, 24/7 society)
    10. It shouldn't be hot, used as an office, or for watching TV
    11. Tired engineers made very serious mistakes with catastrophic consequences
    12. 8-8.5 hours

Key to Listening on page 75

b. The girl had been sleepwalking and had walked from her house to the building site. A fireman rescued her from the top of a crane

1. a 40-metre-high crane (not 30)
2. Dulwich, south-east London (not south-west)
3. The man called the police (not the fire brigade)
4. The fireman realized the girl was asleep (not drunk)
5. The fireman called the girl's parents (not the girl herself)
6. The rescue took two and a half hours (not two)
7. The security guard wasn't asleep (he was watching TV)
8. The girl had never left the house before when she was sleepwalking (not on several other occasions)

1. T   2. F   3. F   4. T   5. T   6. F   7. F   8. T   9. T   10. F

Key to activities c and d on page 77

d. 1 G   2 B   3 F   4 I   5 H   6 D   7 E   8 C   9 A

Key to Reading and Listening on pages 78, 79

c. 1c   2a   3c   4c   5a   6b   7b   8c   9a   10a

e. The restaurant critic
1. T   2 F   3F   4 T   5 F   6 T
The war reporter
1 F   2 T   3 F   4 T   5 T   6 F

Key to Reading on page 84

b.  a 1c   2b   3c
     b The controversy was about what Neil Armstrong actually said when he landed on the moon. Did he say 'One small step for man...' or 'One small step for a man...'
The 'a' is important because the sentence makes good sense with it. Without the article the sentence doesn't make any sense as it means 'One small step for people in general, one giant leap for people in general'

c. 20th July 1969 was the date of the first moon landing
6 hours and 40 minutes is the time the astronauts spent in the spacecraft between landing on the moon and stepping out of the capsule
500 million people watched or listened to the moon landing live
Buzz Aldrin was the second man to step on the moon
First man is the name of Armstrong's biography
James Hansen is the author of his biography
Peter Shann Ford is the computer expert who discovered through sound analysis that Armstrong really did say the 'a'

d. Mankind: people in general, humanity
Momentous: very important or serious
Meaningful: having a clear meaning
Memorable: worth remembering
Inaudible: can't be heard

Key to Reading and Speaking on page 88

b. Rumspringa is a time when teenage Amish have to decide whether they want to stay in the community or leave

c. 1T   2 T   3 F   4 T   5 F   6 F   7 F   8 T   9 T   10 F

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